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Roulette 101 | Your complete guide to terminology

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Roulette is one of the most popular casino games which has stood the test of time, from
the days of underground dens to the digital age and online gaming. Players love it
because it’s so easy to grasp: simply place a bet on where you think the ball will land,
wait for the croupier to spin the wheel and watch on in suspense and anticipation to see
if you are a winner. But for a game so simple, there’s an awful lot of terminology to get
your head around. Whether you’re a complete novice or need to up your understanding,
our glossary will definitely help you out the next time you play Roulette online from your

Understanding Roulette
American Roulette is the variation which in its former days could only be found in
casinos in the States. Online Roulette opens all the doors for variants and modernised
updates of the classic to be played. The American Roulette wheel has 38 pockets, the
numbers 1-36, 0 and an additional 00. This makes the house edge more favourable to
the casino at 5.26%

European Roulette is the most popular variant, due to its low house edge of 2.7%.
European Roulette wheels have 37 pockets, 0 and the numbers 1-36 and it’s the
variation that was first introduced, where it was commonly found in casinos across
Europe and Asia
French Roulette is played on a European wheel, but there are a couple of rules which
make it different from that variant. The rules of French Roulette make it even more
favourable to the player, but we will discuss those later. There’s also an additional
selection of called bets that can be placed, and while to a rookie eye they may look
totally unrelated, there is logic behind the groups of numbers

Understanding bets
Inside bets are the wagers placed on the numbers themselves, whether it’s a single
number or selection of numbers which neighbour each other on the table. There are
seven types of inside bet, which we will now discuss:
Straight: betting on a single number e.g. 17
Split: betting on two numbers which are adjacent on the table e.g. 14 and 17
Street: betting on three consecutive numbers on the same line e.g. 16, 17, 18
Double street: also known as a six-line, betting on three consecutive numbers
across two rows e.g. 16, 17, 18 and 19, 20, 21
Corner: also known as a square, betting on four numbers which all meet at the
same corner e.g. 17, 18, 20, 21
Trio: betting on three numbers, including the zero – of which there are two
options 0, 1, 2 or 0, 2, 3
Basket: betting on all the numbers on the top section of the table (0, 1, 2 and 3).
In American Roulette, a basket bet would cover 0, 00, 1, 2 and 3
Outside bets are those placed on all other areas of the table, covering a large selection
of numbers. There are five main types of outside bet, which we will now discuss:
Red or Black: betting on the colour of the winning number
Odd or Even: betting on whether the winning number will be odd or even
Low or high: betting on whether the winning number will be low (1-18) or high
Dozen bet: betting on the layout and winning number being in the first (1-12),
second (13-24) or third (25-36) dozen
Column bet: betting on which column the winning number will come: the first,
second or third

And those French rules?
There are two rules that some European Roulette games allow, and these are based
upon the original rules of the game, which in turn are both beneficial to the player.
Derived from the classic French version, they are French terms – the first is ‘en prison’,which means ‘in prison’. It applies to even-money bets only and when the wheel lands on zero, the casino will allow the player to take back half of their wager or leave it for another spin. On the second spin, if zero lands again, the bet is lost. The second is ‘la
partage’, or ‘the divide’ and like the prison rule, it only applies to even-money wagers. If
the wheel hits zero, half of the bet is lost and half is returned to the player. This rule cuts
the house edge down by half – from 2.7% to 1.35%.

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